Mr. Rubenstein practiced law for 18 years and held a number of mining director positions during that time. In 1994, he became a full time mining executive and mining director. He has served on numerous mining company boards during the last 40 years and was actively engaged in the strategic, commercial, governance and government relations aspects of permitting, property acquisition, exploration, development and operations for these companies. He has negotiated and completed property acquisitions, joint ventures, development agreements, financings and takeover bid transactions, for both major and junior companies and has dealt with foreign and Canadian domestic regulators, banks, and financial institutions, as well as the mining investment community. He has had active roles in dealings with local populations, in compensation matters, in the management of litigation and arbitrations, and in regulatory compliance. He was directly involved in negotiating or supervising acquisitions, mergers and takeover transactions totalling in excess of $5 Billion.